Honda Civic Canada
The Honda Civic began as a subcompact 3-door hatchback designed by Honda and manufactured in Japan since 1973, it gradually grew to a 5-door hatchback and eventually a compact sedan. Today the Civic is Honda's top selling vehicle in Canada for the last fourteen years and is available as a Civic coupe, Civic sedan, performance based Civic Si and Honda Civic Type R, while the Honda Civic hybrid which arrived to dealers in Canada in 2011 has been manufactured in Japan since 2001. The popular Honda Civic 2-door hatchback was replaced by the Honda Fit in 2006 and the 2011 Honda CR-Z.
The Civic is currently manufactured in Alliston, Ontario where Honda began manufacturing the Honda Pilot, Honda Accord and Odyssey until 2004 and now assembles the luxury Acura CSX and Acura MDX for the North American market. Honda Canada also manufactures the Honda Civic engines in Alliston, ON. The Honda has sold over 17 million Honda Civic worldwide and is still one of the most popular car makes.
Honda Civic 1973-1979
The first generation Honda Civic arrived to Canada in 1972 as a 1973 Civic model powered by a 1.2L 4-cylinder engine with 50HP and was equipped with a standard 4-speed manual transmission with an optional Hondamatic, which was Honda's first automatic transmission. The Honda Civic gained popularity for its fuel efficient engine during the oil crisis in the mid 70's competing with the Ford Pinto and Chevrolet Vega, due to new environmental policies drafted in the US and Canada in 1975 Honda included an optional 1.5L engine with Compound Vortex Controlled Combustion (CVCC) reducing emissions without a catalytic converter.
The 1975 Honda Civic added a 5-door station wagon Civic to the lineup powered by the 1.5L CVCC engine, with a larger vehicle Civic sales soared over 100,000 units sold in 1975, the 1978 Civic received a new grill and few changes. The first generation Civic was manufactured in Japan where winter road condition are different than Canada and were prone to rusting within the first three years, Honda had a general recall replacing rusted out bumpers and fenders.
Honda Civic 1980-1983
The second generation Honda Civic grew in size, the 2-door model was replaced by a 3-door hatchback and a
4-door sedan was added to the lineup. The 1.2L engine was replaced by a CVCC 1.3L engine with 55HP and carried over the optional 1.5L engine with 67HP which was standard on the Honda Civic station wagon and new 3-speed automatic transmission replaced the 2-speed Hondamatic. In 1983 Honda launched the first performance oriented Honda S replacing the sporty Civic SL trim, powered by the 1.5L engine, with firmer suspension including rear stabilizer bar and Michelin tires.
Honda Civic 1984-1987
Honda decided to increase the size for the thrid generation Civic, with four models; Civic hatchback, Civic coupe known as the Civic CRX in Canada, the now classic 4-door Civic sedan and Civic station wagon which was marketed as Civic Wagovan in Canada. The Honda Civic CRX was geared towards a younger sporty market with new suspension, while the Civic Wagovan was a unique fusion between a station wagon and minivan roomy enough for a family of five. The Civic CRX is powered by a 1.3L 8-valve engine with 60HP, while a new
12-valve 1.5L engine with 76HP was used with the sporty Honda Civic CRX Si.
The 1985 Civic station wagon had an optional 4-wheel drive powertrain, coupled by a four wheel drive transmission with a granny gear which is only used when in 4WD which is low 1st gear used when going up steep hills, in 1987 the 4WD was changed to Honda's real-time four wheel drive used in the Honda CR-V which shifts power to the rear tires when it detects slippage differential. The 1985 CRX received the 1.5L CVCC engine replacing the original 12-valve 1.3L engine.
Honda Civic 1988-1991
The fourth generation Honda Civic sedan didn't change much from the exterior design, however it featured new headlights, distinct fenders and front bumper. While the mechanics were completely revamped with double-wishbone suspension, powered by a fuel injected 1.5L 16-valve SOHC engine with 92HP, while in Japan the were available with a base 1.2L engine. In Canada some Honda Civics included automatic seat belts, which were also adopted by Ford in the early 90's. The base trim Civic STD was available as a hatchback body only, while the Civic DX came in hatchback, sedan and Civic station wagon, including power steering with 5-speed manual transmission or optional 4-speed automatic transmission. The loaded Civic LX and EX were only available in sedan and the sporty Civic Si was hatchback Civic with a 1.5L 16-valve SOHC engine with an impressive 106HP.
Honda Civic 1992-1995
The 1992 Honda Civic was released in Canada in July 1991 as a completely redesigned vehicle, with a slick and more aerodynamic body, smoother lines and sportier look. The Honda Civic officially left the subcompact economy market into a compact sedan slightly smaller than the Honda Accord, the Civic station wagon was discontinued allowing more sales for the popular and family friendly Honda CRV, while the Civic sedan, hatchback and coupe continued to gain popularity for their fuel economy, size, affordability and performance.
The Honda Civic DX and LX trim in Canada received a new 1.5L 16 valve VTEC engine with 102HP, while the base Civic CX model received a 1.5L 8-valve engine with 70HP, the 1992 Civic added a new trim competing with the sporty Civic Si, the Civic EX-V they were both powered by a 1.6L VTEC engine with 125HP shared by the Honda Civic Del Sol and 1992-1995 Civic SiR. Honda also released two base model trims the Civic CX and Civic VX with a very fuel efficient 1.5L 8-valve engine that rival the 2009 Volkswagen TDI Jetta in fuel efficiency and even the 2000 Honda Insight hybrid.
Honda Civic 1996-2000
The sixth generation Civic followed the same styling as the previous generation with curvy lines and Honda's superior handling shared from Honda's racing development department. The 1996 Civic was introduced in three body typed Civic hatchback, Civic sedan and Civic coupe, each one came in different trims levels but shared the same motor. The Honda Civic continued to be manufactured in Canada and in 1996 was named the Automobile of the Year by Automobile Magazine and was part Ten Best cars in 1996 by Car and Driver magazine.
The 1996- Honda Civic was avialble in two standard engines based on the trim model, a 1.6L SOHC engine with 106HP was used by Civic CX, DX and LX, while the fully loaded Civic EX and performance Civic Si were powered by a 1.6L VTEC engine with 127HP and 107 lb/ft of torque. They all came in standard 5-speed manual transmission with an optional automatic transmission, while the Civic HX which was only available in the US as a coupe model was offered with a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) with three driving options, D for standard driving, S for sport driving and performance and L for low speed diving in uncertain conditions.
The 2000 Honda Civic Si and Civic SiR in Canada were the only ones available with a sunroof, they also included anti-lock ABS brakes, heated mirrors, power windows and air-conditioning. In the UK the Civic hatchback was re-badged as the Rover 200, the main difference was the dashboard and more engine options including a 2.0L turbo diesel engine.
Honda Civic 2001-2005
The new Civic design made some exterior changes without modifying the front Civic style, however the interior was completely redone significantly increasing interior space which officially upgraded the Honda Civic to a compact size. The suspension was completely redesigned and changed over to a MacPherson strut with many car critics saying it effected the handling on the 2001 Civic, while most drivers didn't feel any subtle differences.
All seventh generation Civics shared the same 1.7L SOHC engine manufactured in Canada with 115HP, while the Civic hatchback wasn't completely discontinued, the only Civic Si hatchback available in Canada was manufactured in Swindon, England. In 2002 Honda unveiled the Honda Civic hybrid in Canada with a 1.3L gasoline engine coupled with an electric motor for a total output of 93HP, however they weren't officially available at Canadian dealerships until mid 2011.
Honda Civic 2006-2011
The eighth generation Civic arrived to Canada in mid 2005 as a 2006 Civic model, with a unique and distinctive design receiving rave reviews, awarded the 2006 North American Car and 2006 Automotive Journalists Association of Canada Car of the Year, reinstating the Civic as a top favorite in Canada and the US markets. While the Civic continues in the compact segment, unlike the comparable Mazda3 and Ford Corolla the Civic offers standard air-conditioning, power windows and anti-lock ABS brakes. The 2006 Honda Civic in Canada also received the ULEV certificate as an Ultra-Low Emission Vehicle with their new 1.8L engine.
The Honda Civic hatchback was replaced in Canada by the 2006 Honda Fit as a 5-door hatchback and later by the sporty 2011 Honda CR-Z. The new Honda Civic coupe was no longer a 3-door Civic with a sporty look, Honda completely renovated the design with a smaller, more compact design, superior handling and amazing performance. The new Civic interior allows for a more comfortable interior and optional luxury interior, the Civic Coupe Si arrived in 2006 while the following year saw the first Civic Si sedan as a 2008 Civic Si model in Canada.
The 2011 Civic in Canada received a few changes; a 140HP 1.8L 16-valve engine coupled by a 5speed manual or automatic transmission, 16 inch rims, and optional rear spoiler. The Civic EX trim has front and rear disc ABS brakes, optional satellite linked navigation system, USB connectivity and XM satellite radio, while the Civic EX-L includes a fully loaded leather interior with heated leather seats and leather wrapped steering-wheel.
Honda Civic 2012
In Canada the 2012 Civic arrived to Honda dealerships in spring 2011, with a few notable changes to the front grill yet keeping the award winning design, powered by the same 1.8L 140HP VTEC engine, starting with the entry level 2012 Civic DX includes front and back anti-lock ABS brakes, electronic brake distribution (EBD) with brake assist, traction control and Honda's Ecological Drive Assist System; the 2012 Civic LX adds Honda's Multi-Information Display also found in the Honda Civic hybrid, hands-freelink bluetooth for phone interface and steeringwheel mounted controls; the fully loaded 2012 Honda Civic EX includes 16 inch alloy rims, sunroof and ventilated front disc brakes, while the Civic EX-L adds heated seats, full leather interior and XM satellite radio.
The 2012 Honda Civic Si is powered by a 2.4L VTEC 16-vale engine with 201HP and 107 lb/ft of torque, coupled with a six speed manual transmission, 17 inch alloy rims and includes the many options in the Civic LX and EX like Multi-Information Display, Honda's satellite-linked GPS navigation system, bluetooth, steering-wheel mounted controls and XM satellite radio.